Skin tightening is a term we use to describe the process behind the improvement of the skin’s structure at a deeper level to give the appearance of younger, smoother looking skin. When we look at how fibroblasting tightens skin, this technology takes skin tightening treatments to a whole new level: repairing scarred and sagging skin, reversing the ageing process by re-building the basic architecture of the skin and mitigating the ongoing effects of ageing by stimulating the growth of new cells.
How is plasma used in skin tightening treatments?
A Plasma Pen™ is a small, pen-like device that generates a localised electrical field which ionises the surrounding atmosphere into nitrogen plasma energy. This plasma energy is transferred to the skin’s top, epidermal layer whilst also transferring controlled heat to the deeper derma structure of the skin. The key targets of the deeper plasma treatment are the fibroblasts, the connective tissue cells that make collagen and is why this skin tightening treatment is often called fibroblasting. Most fibroblasts (found in the base layer of the skin) are inactive but will be stimulated and re-activated by a wound-healing process or inflammatory response. The Plasma Pen™ re-activates these cells to begin production of collagen, which is how fibroblasting tightens skin.
How does skin tightening work?
Part of the natural ageing process includes the thinning of our dermal layer and the slowing down of collagen production. Collagen is what gives our skin the plump, elastic structure that we have in our youth. Without the elastin, our skin loses structure and sags, deforming from its original, very ‘tight’ architecture provided by the collagen fibrils. By stimulating the production of collagen as part of a natural healing process, the following processes take place during skin tightening treatment:
Neocollagenesis: synthesis of new collagen.
Neoelastogenesis: elastin production.
Crosslinking between collagen and elastin fibrils: this strengthens, inflates, plumps and lifts the structure of the skin.
Reversal of elastotic change: this is where the premature degeneration of the elastic dermal tissue is reversed.
Activation of M2 Macrophages: this results in a decrease in inflammation through the digestion of cellular debris by white blood cells.
Migration of basal keratinocytes: these are stimulated to move from the basal layer of skin and help to fill in the gaps created by the micro-trauma, smoothing the skin.
Neovascularisation: the formation of new blood vessels and the release of cytokines, which help to modulate our cell ageing and the growth of new cells.
What are the outcomes of skin tightening treatments?
There is an immediate improvement in the plumpness of the skin, ironing out the appearance of both deep and fine lines. Additionally, scarring is less visible and the skin is rejuvenated. However, when we look at how fibroblasting tightens skin, there are also positive longer term effects: the stimulated changes improve the tissue stability and help to mitigate and slow down the future effects of the ageing process.
How can you be sure that the process will work?
For skin tightening treatments to work the right equipment is needed, and the treatment should be carried out by a trained professional. There are over 1,500 Plasma Pen Technicians across the globe; they are fully trained, qualified, certified and insured to carry out the treatment for best effect. Take a look here to find your nearest technician.